I constantly reuse material, melting even filings into ingots which are then forged, rolled or fabricated. Heavy "hammered" bands are actually carved with burs and the fine dust is recycled into new stock. Orbit rings are forged in sterling and the 18k yellow gold hoop and the tube that holds the stone are fabricated by hand. Even the thin-guage gold wire on the Trumpet Bypass and Hummingbird Tongue rings begin with reclaimed/recycled gold ingots rolled into wire and drawn down to .6mm. Materials include sterling silver and gold alloys that include 14k palladium white & standard nickel white, 14k rose gold and 14k & 18k yellow.